Kubernetes Versions

Kubernetes community releases a minor version about every three months. In those minor version releases, there are some new features and bug fixes. Patch versions will be released more frequent (e.g. weekly) and generally to include critical fixes , e.g. security fixes.

Catalyst Cloud Kubernetes Service supports each minor version for at least 9 months before deprecating it to give users enough time to upgrade their clusters. The 9 months is calculated based on that the Kubernetes community maintains release branches for the latest 3 minor versions and they release a new minor version about every three months. User will get support from Catalyst Cloud to any patch and date version within these releases.

What is Kubernetes Versions

Kubernetes follows the standard Semantic Versioning terminology. Versions are expressed as x.y.z, where x is the major version, y is the minor version and z is the patch version.

Version Part



versions that may make incompatible API changes


versions that adds functionality in a backwards compatible manner


versions that makes backwards compatible bug fixes

For example:



Catalyst Cloud Kubernetes Service uses cluster template to manage each Kubernetes version and the matrix of addons that running on top of Kubernetes cluster. And users should be able to see the Kubernetes version from the cluster template name. For example: kubernetes-v1.23.16-prod-20230125, the last 8 digits is the release date of this template tagged by Catalyst Cloud.

For more information, see Kubernetes Releases.

Kubernetes Versions Support Policy

Catalyst Cloud Kubernetes Service supports at least 3 minor versions. As long as there is a new minor version released, Catalyst Cloud Kubernetes Service will try to get it certified (pass the CNCF conformance test) and released in 30 days. And then deprecate the oldest minor version. For example, if the current 3 minor versions are v1.23.x, v1.22.x and v1.21.x. Then when the new v1.24.x version is released, the version v1.21.x will be removed and out of support. Out of support means whenever users ask for support, you will be asked to upgrade your clusters to a supported version first. In short, if the cluster is running on a minor version which has been deprecated, then the cluster is out of support.

Catalyst Cloud Kubernetes Service supports the latest stable patch versions for each minor version. As long as there is a patch version released, the oldest patch version will be hidden/removed. For example, if current versions supported for v1.22.x are v1.22.17, then v1.22.17 will be hidden/removed in favor of the release of v1.22.18.


For clarity, hiding a patch version/template doesn’t mean it is out of support, it means we are motivating customers to always use the latest one. If there is a bug impacting customers on the latest patch version we would either unhide the previous version or publish a new patch version.

Users should always aim to run the latest patch for each minor version to get the latest security enhancements. For example, if the current Kubernetes cluster is running on v1.22.17 and the new patch version is v1.22.18, then it is highly recommended to upgrade to v1.22.18 as soon as possible.


Catalyst Cloud reserves the right to add/remove a new/existing cluster template if there is a critical issue identified in the version without further notice.

Finding Available Versions

You can find the set of Kubernetes templates which are currently available in the web interface as well as on the command line.

$ openstack coe cluster template list

 | uuid                                 | name                              | tags                                                                            |
 | 5c607342-9960-488e-99b6-92e36c93367a | kubernetes-v1.21.14-prod-20220816 | environment:prod,build_id:20220816,pipeline_id:26958,created_at:20220816T212519 |
 | 4db24745-043a-4f95-a36b-f4803f46b3ac | kubernetes-v1.22.17-prod-20230125 | environment:prod,build_id:20230125,pipeline_id:31215,created_at:20230125T205559 |
 | 4f4b6965-cbbb-4061-870d-0794c28fc423 | kubernetes-v1.23.16-prod-20230125 | environment:prod,build_id:20230125,pipeline_id:31216,created_at:20230125T211306 |

Upgrading Kubernetes Version

When doing Kubernetes version upgrade, minor version cannot be skipped. For example, if the current cluster version is v1.21.x, then it’s not allowed to upgrade directly to v1.23.x. You have to upgrade to v1.22.x and then do another upgrade to v1.23.x.


Catalyst Cloud reserves the right to do a force patch version upgrade if there is an urgent critical security vulnerability (CVE rated as high) and the customer cannot be reached.

Node OS Version and CRI Version

Catalyst Cloud Kubernetes Service is using Fedora CoreOS as the Kubernetes Node operating system, the original image will be updated regularly. We’re using Podman and systemd to manage all the Kubernetes components and using containerd for the container runtime of Kubernetes.

  • Node Operating System: Fedora CoreOS 37

  • Docker: 20.10.12

  • Podman: 3.4.4

CNI Version

The only supported CNI on Catalyst Cloud Kubernetes Service is Calico and the current versions is v3.23.0.

Addons Versions

At this stage, Catalyst Cloud Kubernetes Service doesn’t support upgrade the addons’ versions, such as Calico, CoreDNS etc.

Containerd Version

For any template after version v1.20.x we are using containerd at runtime to create our cluster in place of Docker. You can find more information on this change in the following blog: Don’t Panic: Kubernetes and Docker